MoMA R&D

Salon 26 Friction

Friction is everywhere. Friction, for example, helps us in writing, as our pens would not work on a friction-less surface. Friction also causes nails and screws to hold on to walls; and the friction between the head of a stick and the rubbing surface of the box is what ignites matches. Similarly to the natural world, friction is an essential and omnipresent component of human life, too. Yet, despite its importance, friction is often dismissed as the undesirable by-product of graceless and clumsy interactions. In this salon, we will delve into the grey areas between ethics and etiquette that are expected of the majority of people in post-industrial economies. Our goal is to question the assumption that “seamless” is by default preferable to “rugged,” and that bruises and abrasions are always to be avoided.

Some of the questions we strived to answer: Does everything ought to be friction-less and seamless all the time? Are conflicts always inherently negative? Or, rather, is there something to be learnt from difficulties and risks, too? Would our existence be richer, more authentic, perhaps even more beautiful, if there were more room for last-minute improvisation? What are the neurological and psychological mechanisms at play when we are faced with obstacles? How does growing up in a zero risk environment affect children’s capacity to develop creativity, resilience and grit? Under which circumstances challenges function as positive triggers? When, instead, do they become paralyzing factors? What do we make of the schism between the imperatives of political correctness and the fact that, at its core, society is increasingly polarized? When do direct and open confrontations hinder the achievement of shared solutions; and when, instead, are they necessary? How can we discern when the social etiquette that tells us to be “always nice” is used instrumentally as a silencing mechanism? Is the business of (cautiously) introducing frictions in our lives an act of resistance?

This salon took place on June, 27th, 2018.

Speakers

Reading Resources

FRICTION AND THE CREATIVE MIND

Berkowitz, Aaron, The Improvising Mind, Oxford University Press (2010)

Bronson, Po and Merryman, Ashley, The Creativity Crisis, Newsweek (07.10.2010)

Jones,Jonathan, Lego:the building blocks of the imagination, The Guardian (12.28.2012)

Moreau, C. Page and Engeset, Marit Gundersen, The Downstream Consequences of Problem-Solving Mindsets, Journal of Marketing Research, vol. 53, no.1, pp.18-30 (2016)

Simons, Jake Wallis, Why Lego is ruining our kids' imaginations, CNN (12.01.2014)

Speicher, Sandy, The uncomfortable secret to creative success is “disequilibrium”, Quartz (11.06.2017)

FRICTION, RISK AND RESILIENCE

Albergotti, Reed and Wang, Shirley, Is It Time to Retire the Football Helmet?, The Wall Street Journal (11.11.2009)

Barry, Ellen, In Britain’s Playgrounds, ‘Bringing in Risk’ to Build Resilience, The New York Time (03.10.2018)

Lents, Nathan, Yes, Overprotective Parenting Harms Kids, Psychology Today (08.28.2016)

Mullins, Aimee, The opportunity of adversity, TED Talk (Oct 2009)

Voce, Adrian, Risky play prepares kids for life, The Guardian (08.05.2008)

DESIGN AND POSITIVE DISCOMFORT

Dunne & Raby on Future Frictions: Perspectives on world-building, Z33 commission (2014)

Brignull, Harry, Dark Patterns: inside the interfaces designed to trick you, The Verge (08.29.2013)

Flowers, Erik, Adapting to Discomfort, HelloErik (10.29.2012)

Hassenzahl, Marc and Laschke, Matthias, Pleasurable Troublemakers, in The gameful world. Approaches, issues, application, edited by Steffen P. Walz and Sebastian Deterding, pp.167-196, MIT Press (2015)

Jenova, Chen, Flow in Games (and Everything Else), Communications of the ACM, vol.50, no.4, pp.31-34 (2007)

Kerris, Daniel, Great design requires discomfort. Embrace it, Designing Atlassian (07.13.2015)

Millar, Brian, Why We Should Design Things To Be Difficult To Use, The Guardian (03.04.15)

Peters, Adele, Don’t Relax: Uncomfortability Is The New Convenience, Fast Company (03.16.15)

Yoo, Frank, Deliberate Discomfort, UX Collective (11.17.2016)

THE POLITICS OF FRICTION

Why Is Everybody Being So Nice?, De Appel Curatorial Programme (Apr 2017)

Bornschier, Simon, Cleavage Politics in Old and New Democracies, Living Reviews in Democracy, pp.2-10 (Oct 2009)

Ehrenreich, Barbara, Smile or Die: How Positive Thinking Fooled America and the World, Granta (2010)

Goodman, Lizzy, The School Teaching Women to Ask for What They Want, The Cut (01.23.2018)

Schulman, Sarah, Conflict Is Not Abuse: Overstating Harm, Community Responsibility, and the Duty of Repair, Arsenal Pulp Press (2016)

Rosler, Martha, Why Are People Being So Nice?, e-flux (Nov 2016)

Urbaniak, Kasia, Influence vs control, kasiaurbaniak.com

Williams, Tevin, What Is Being Unapologetically Black?, The Odyssey (04.05.216)

URBAN FRICTION

McGuirk, Justin, Can Cities Make Us Better Citizens?, The New Yorker (04.26.2018)

Stringer, Leigh, The Value of Urban Friction, www.leighstringer.com (04.25.2015)

Tiku, Nitasha, Sidewalk, Rage Is Real and It’s Spectacular, NYmag (02.15.2011)

Wang, Shirley, Get Out of My Way, You Jerk!, The Wall Street Journal (01.15.2011)

PAIN MAKES US GAIN

Bastian, Brock, Jetten, Jolanda, and Ferris, Laura, Pain as Social Glue, APS journal, vol.25, no.11, pp.2079-85 (2014)

Bastian, Brock, Why we need pain to feel happiness, TEDx (10.07.2016)

Konnikova, Maria, Pain Really Does Make Us Gain, The New Yorker (24.12.2014)

Turner, Bryan and Wainwright, Steven, Corps de ballet: the case of the injured ballet dancer, Sociology of Health & Illness, vol.25, no.4, pp.269-88 (2003)