MoMA R&D

Salon 22 New Aging

The last decades have seen unprecedented progress in human longevity – known as the the “longevity revolution” – and corresponding variations in the age composition of the world population. In the last sixty years, life expectancy in the more developed countries has almost doubled – from just over 40 to nearly 80 years – while the percentage of populations aged 60 and above has doubled, from around 8 percent to around 16 percent. Such rates of growth, the UN says, are without parallel in history, and are anticipated to continue in the future. As societies grow older, common understanding of what it means to age becomes elusive; and this, in turn, has profound implications for the lives of every men and women across the globe: from the way we conceive of the space we inhabit, to changing conceptions of the meaning of authority, leisure, health and mortality. In this salon, we will unpack some of the challenges associated with one of the most elusive phenomena faced by contemporary society.

Among the questions that we will tackle: What is the meaning of the demographic transformation the world is undergoing? Is it a threat or an opportunity? What are its social, psychological, aesthetic, and ethical implications? How does this global trend force us to negotiate novel conceptions of intergenerational obligations and expectations for a well-lived life? Do we need a philosophy of aging? Are we correct to be worrying about the world’s population aging? What is the role of art in all of this? What will be the impact of a demographic tectonic shift for world politics? What is the longevity economy? How does the beauty industry exploit ageist myths and stereotypes? Are there countries in which it is easier to get old? How does the pressure to stay young forever play out in different global contexts? How and where will we live as we age? What an all-age-friendly world would look like?

This salon took place on January 22nd, 2018.

Speakers

Reading Resources

REPORTS AND MAPS

He, Wan, Goodkind, Daniel and Kowal, Paul, An Aging World: 2015, International Population

Jacobsen, Linda, Kent, Mary, and Mather, Mark, America’s Aging Population, Population Reference Bureau, vol.66, no1 (February 2011)

Aging in cities survey: 2017 Report, WellTower (2017)

Data from the new face of New York’s Seniors, Center for an Urban Future (July 2013)

Population ages 65 and above (% of total), The World Bank (2017)

Reports, United States Census Bureau (March 2016)

World Population Ageing: Highlights, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2017)

AGING IN HISTORY

de Beauvoir, Simone, The Coming of Age, André Deutsch Ltd (1970)

Stein, Herbert, On Rereading “De Senectute”, Slate Magazine (11.27.1998)

Sontag, Susan, The Double Standard of Aging, The Saturday Review (09.23.1972)

Thane, Pat, A History of Old Age, J. Paul Getty Museum (2005)

THE TIME-DEMOGRAPHIC BOMB, THE SILVER TSUNAMI AND OTHER AGING MYTHS

Barret, Katherine, The Taxing Problem Due to an Aging Population, Next Avenue (12.05.2016)

Camp, Hanna, Glimpses of a Graying World: The Demographic Challenges of 2030, Atlantic Council (01.01.2013)

Chan, Szu Ping, Mapped: how a demographic time bomb will transform the global economy, The Telegraph (01.02.2016)

Gil, Natalie, Loneliness: a silent plague that is hurting young people most, The Guardian (07.20.2014)

Poon, Linda, How Should We Prepare for a Rapidly Aging Global Population?, 100 Resilient Cities (09.16.2015)

Ridgeway, James, The myth of the greedy geezer, Al Jazeera(09.28.2011)

Silverstein, Michael, Meeting the challenges of an aging workforce, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol.51, no4, pp.269–280 (2008)

Vinik, Danny, America’s government is getting old, Politico (09/27/2017)

The silver tsunami, The Economist (02.04.2010)

AGAINST AGESIM

Applewhite, Ashton, This Chair Rocks: A Manifesto Against Ageism, Networked Books (2016)

Blaine, Bruce Evan, Understanding Age Stereotypes and Ageism, in Understanding the Psychology of Diversity, SAGE Publications, ch.9 (2013)

Friend, Tad, Why Ageism Never Gets Old, The New Yorker (11.20.2017)

Leland, John, In ‘Sweetie’ and ‘Dear’, a Hurt for the Elderly, The New York Times (10.06.2008)

Lyons, Dan, Disrupted: My Misadventure in the Start-Up Bubble, Hachette Book Group (2016)

Morganroth Gullette, Margaret, Ending Ageism, or How Not to Shoot Old People, Rutgers (2017)

Gaining Momentum: A FrameWorks Communications Toolkit, FrameWorks Institute (2017)

AGING OUTSIDE THE WESTERN WORLD

Hodin, Michael, How China Can Deal with Its Rapidly Aging Population, The Fiscal Times (11.03.2015)

Kandanga, Marie-Josée, and El-Bushra, Judy, A Lost Generation - Young People and Conflict in Africa, ACCORD (2017)

Williams, Stephen, Africa’s youth - The African Development Bank and the demographic dividend, New African, pp. 30-31 (March 2012)

AFFORDING TO GROW OLD

Hamzelou, Jessica, A cure for ageing is near but you probably can’t afford it, New Scientist (01.04.2017)

Misra, Tanvi, Prisons Are Facing Aging Populations, Too, CityLab (09.10.2014)

Semple, Kirk, Immigrant Struggles Compounded by Old Age, The New York Times (07.25.2013)

Shades of grey, The Economist (02.04.2016)

AGING AS AN OPPORTUNITY

Anzilotti, Eillie, Our Aging Population Can Be An Economic Powerhouse–If We Let It, Fast Company (03.13.2017)

Kenny, Charles, An Aging Population May Be What the World Needs, Bloomberg (02.07.2013)

Jansen, Tiffany R., The Nursing Home That’s Also a Dorm, CityLab (10.02.2015)

Laterman, Kaya, Getting a Roommate in Your Golden Years, The New York Times (01.12.2018)

Levy, Becca R., Age-Stereotype Paradox: Opportunity for Social Change, The Gerontologist, vol.57, no2, pp. 118-126 (August 2017)

I Need You, You Need Me: The Young, The Old, and What We Can Achieve Together, Generations United and The Eisner Foundation (2017)

ARTS AND AGING

Brody, Jane, Using the Arts to Promote Healthy Aging, The New York Times (03.07.2016)

Farago, Jason, ‘Aging Pride’ Challenges the Cult of Youth, The New York Times (02.08.2018)

Frank, Priscilla, 8 Artists Who Explore The Beauty Of The Ageing Body, Huffingtonpost (04.24.2015)

Montano, Linda Mary, THE STORY OF THE GEL WRIST BRACELET (2017)

Raschke, Heidi, The Arts And Aging: 5 Surprising Insight on Creativity, Next Avenue (10.03.2016)

Rosenberg, Francesca, Introducing Prime Time at MoMA: A Celebration of Creativity and Aging, Inside/Out (05.01.2015)

Walker, Alan, Understanding and transforming ageing through the arts, in The New Science of Ageing, Policy Press at the University of Bristol, ch.3 (2014)

AGING ACROSS CULTURES

Ajala, Aderemi Suleiman, The Changing Perception of Ageing in Yoruba Culture and Its Implications on the Health of the Elderly, Anthropologist, vol.8, no3, pp. 181-188 (2006)

Fisher, Madeline, Study to examine impact of culture on aging process, News, University of Wisconsin-Madison (05.30.2007)

Fung, Helene, Aging in Culture, The Gerontologist, vol.53, no1, pp.369-377 (2013)

Karasawa, Mayumi, Curhan, Katherine, and Carol, Ryff, Cultural Perspectives on Aging and Well-Being: A Comparison of Japan and the U.S., The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, vol.73, no1, pp.73–98 (2011)

Onishi, Norimitsu, A Generation in Japan Faces a Lonely Death, The New York Times (30.11.2017)

A QUESTION OF ATTITUDE

Dovey, Ceridwen, What Old Age Is Really Like, The New Yorker (10.01.2015)

Grierson, Bruce, What if Age Is Nothing but a Mind-Set?, The New York Times (10.22.2014)

Leland, John, Want to Be Happy? Think Like an Old Person, The New York Times (12.29.2017)

Kain, Debra, Paradox of Aging: The Older We Get, the Better We Feel?, UC San Diego Health (12.07.2012)

Kaiser, Sharon, It’s mind-set: Oldest seniors refuse to accept the stereotype of growing feeble, News OK (11.29.2017)

Kinsley, Michael, Old Age: A Beginner’s Guide, Tim Duggan Books (2016)

MARKETING TO THE AGING CONSUMER

Coughlin, Joseph F., The Longevity Economy: Unlocking the World’s Fastest-Growing, Most Misunderstood Market, Barnes&Noble (2017)

Data Team, Over 60 and overlooked, The Economist (08.08.2002)

Hess, Amanda, The Ever-Changing Business of ‘Anti-Aging’, The New York Times Magazine (09.12.2017)

Jacobs, Emma, Advertiser’s ageing dilemma, Financial Times (10.29.2014)

URBAN AGING

Buckley, Christopher, Boomsday, Hachette Book Group (2007)

D’oca, Daniel, Studio Report: The Good Old Days, *Urban OmnibusV (01.23.2013)

Handler, Sophie, An Alternative Age-friendly Handbook, RIBA (October 2013)

Luxenberg, Stanley, Rethinking the Traditional Retirement Community, The New York Times (05.30.2014)

Simpson, Deane, Young-Old: Urban Utopias of an Aging Society, Lars Müller Publishers (2015)

AGING AND BEAUTY

Friedan, Betty, Fountain of Age, Simon & Schuster (1993)

Nussbaum, Martha, Sex, Love and the Aging Woman, The New York Times (10.30.2017)

Twigg, Julia, How Does Vogue Negotiate Age?: Fashion, the Body, and the Older Woman, Fashion Theory, vol.14, no4, pp.471-490 (2010)

Weintraub, Arlene, Selling the Fountain of Youth: How the Anti-Aging Industry Made a Disease Out of Getting Old And Made Billions*, Perseus Books Group (2010)

Wolf, Naomi, The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women, Chatto & Windus (1990)

ETERNAL POSTPONEMENT

Anthony, Andrew, The island of long life, The Guardian (05.31.2013)

Buettner, Dan, The Secrets of Long Life, National Geographic (November 2005)

Loder, Natasha, How medical science hopes to slow down ageing, The Economist (08.15.2016)

Weintraub, Karen, The Anti-Aging Pill, MIT Technology Review (02.03.2015)

THE ETHICS OF LONGEVITY

de Magalhães, Joao Pedro, Should We Cure Aging?, Senescence.info (2004)

Gawande, Atul, Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End, Malcolm Gladwell (2014)

Gems, David, Tragedy and delight: the ethics of decelerated ageing, The Royal Society, vol.366, pp.108-112 (2011)

Than, Ker, The Ethical Dilemmas of Immortality, Live Science (05.23.2006)

Sunrise, sunset: A meditation on aging, The Economist (11.16.2013)

WATCH

Applewhite, Ashton, Let’s End Ageism, Ted Talk (April 2013)

Anderson, Michael, Logan’s Run, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer (1976)

Briggs, Evan, The Growing Season, Stephanie Wang-Breal (2017)

de Grey, Aubrey, A roadmap to end aging, Ted Talk (July 2005)

de Wijn, Wannie, A Good Death, PRN Films (2012)

Haneke, Michael, Amour, Les Films du Losange (2012)

Aging and Dying in America–NYU’s Love & Let Die symposium, New York Institute for the Humanities at NYU (June 2013)